LEVY

LEVY, wealthy family of Portuguese refugees in morocco . MEYER (d. 1520) established an important spinning mill in Safi; the carpets woven there were famous. In about 1510 the king of Portugal appointed Meyer "royal treasurer." In 1520 the sharif of the Saʿadi dynasty accused him of espionage and had him put to death. His brother ISAAC (d. after 1555), who was the "confidential Jew" of the sharifs of the Saʿadi dynasty, played an active role in their foreign policy. Meyer's son JOSEPH (d. after 1560) entered the service of the Portuguese and was their official interpreter from 1535. A talented negotiator, he received a pension from the king of Portugal. His grandson JUDAH (d. c. 1635) was entrusted with important functions during the reign of Aḥmad al-Manṣūr (1578–1603) and became one of the favorites of the ruler's successors, during whose reigns he was responsible for "marine and commercial affairs" and was appointed rentero of the port of safi , then the most important one in the kingdom. He was a merchant and was as well known in London and Amsterdam as in Morocco. Toward the end of his life the sultan entrusted him with the administration of the funds of the royal treasury. He died in Safi. His brother MOSES (d. after 1620) was an important financier. In about 1600 the title of nagid was bestowed upon him and for a time he presided over the activities of Moroccan Jewry. In 1603 he signed the takkanot of fez . In 1617 the sultan sent him on an economic mission to the Netherlands with credentials addressed to the Estates-General and Maurice of Nassau. His family played an important role in the international commerce of Morocco and the leadership of the Jewish communities until about 1720. The family's descendants were known from their ketubbot in Safi, Mogador, and Gibraltar until the 19th century. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Cazès, Notes bibliographiques… (1893), 44–50, 237–9; J.M. Toledano, Ner ha-Ma'arav (1911), 193; J. Abensur, Mishpat u-Ẓedakah be-Ya'akov, 1 (1894), no. 92; 2 (1894), nos. 123–4; SIHM, index. (David Corcos)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Levý — Levy, Levý oder Lévy ist der Familienname folgender Personen: A Alan Levy (1932–2004), amerikanischer Journalist Albert Levy (1862–1922), Vorsitzender der Centrale für private Fürsorge, Sozialarbeiter Alexandre Levy (1864–1892), brasilianischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Levy — Levy, Levý oder Lévy ist ein jüdischer Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name leitet sich vom israelitischen Stamm Levi ab. Varianten Levey Levi, Lewi, Lewis, Lewy Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Levy — or Lévy may refer to:*Levy County, Florida * Forced labor; see conscription or national service * An imposition of a tax * A judicial remedy where the property of a judgment debtor is seized for public sale to satisfy a monetary judgment * An… …   Wikipedia

  • levy — 1 / le vē/ n pl lev·ies 1: an act of levying: as a: the imposition or collection of a tax b: the seizure according to a writ of execution of real or personal property in a judgment debtor s possession to satisfy a judgment debt 2: an amount… …   Law dictionary

  • Levy — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour les articles homophones, voir Levi, Lévi (homonymie), Lévis (homonymie) et Lévy. Les Levy sont dans la religion juive et dans l Ancien… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • LÉVY — LÉVY, family of French publishers. MICHEL (1821–1875) was born in Phalsbourg, Lorraine. He studied at the Paris music conservatory, but, finding that he lacked talent, abandoned his studies and became a secondhand bookseller. Lévy first sold… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LÉVY (J.-P.) — Jean Pierre LÉVY 1911 1996 «Jean Moulin n’a nul besoin d’une gloire usurpée: ce n’est pas lui qui a fondé Combat , Libération , Franc Tireur : c’est Frenay, d’Astier, Jean Pierre Lévy.» Ces mots d’André Malraux donnent à Jean Pierre Lévy, mort à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Levy — Lev y, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Levied} (l[e^]v [i^]d); p. pr. & vb. n. {Levying}.] 1. To raise, as a siege. [Obs.] Holland. [1913 Webster] 2. To raise; to collect; said of troops, to form into an army by enrollment, conscription, etc. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • LÉVY (P.) — LÉVY PAUL (1886 1971) Mathématicien français né et mort à Paris. Ingénieur au corps des Mines, docteur ès sciences en 1912, Paul Lévy enseigna l’analyse à l’École polytechnique de 1920 à 1959, ainsi que l’analyse et la mécanique à l’École… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LÉVY — LÉVY, family of musicians in mid 18th century Paris. They were probably admitted to reside in Paris by Louis XV among the limited number of merchants and representatives of liberal professions. The talented members of the family enjoyed… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Levy — Lev y, n. [F. lev[ e]e, fr. lever to raise. See {Lever}, and cf. {Levee}.] 1. The act of levying or collecting by authority; as, the levy of troops, taxes, etc. [1913 Webster] A levy of all the men left under sixty. Thirlwall. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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